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You may wonder why you landed on an online sex shop blog to read this article about Eros and Cupid, with historical religious themes. The answer is simple!
Eros defines us! Beside that in the upcoming celebration of Valentines Day a little history does not hurt anyone.
Eros was the god of love, in Ancient Greek religion.
The counterpart of Eros in Roman religion was Cupid.
Image source: study.com
Hesiod (fl. 700 BCE) wrote in the Theogony that Eros was a primeval god and was the son of Chaos, which represents the origin of primeval emptiness of the universe. Later in the customs of the time Eros was the son of Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty and sexuality, with Zeus, ruler of all gods. Some sources mention Eros being the son of Ares the god of battle and war or Hermes which was the messenger of gods.
Given the native traits taken from parents, it is easy to understand that Eros was also the god of fertility, not just passion.
Most of the time the opponent of Eros was his brother Anteros which was the god of mutual love.
Erotes are a group of winged gods, associated with love and intercourse in Greek mythology and they were part of Aphrodite's retina.
Erotes is the plural of Eros, which as a singular divinity has a more complex mythology.
Eroth has become the motif of Hellenistic art and may appear in Roman art as an alternative form of several Cups or Cupids and Psyche. In the later tradition of Western art, erotes become indiscernible for the figures known as the monsters, lovers.
In the places where Erotidia was celebrated there were chief associates, like Pothos, which was the Longing god, and Himeros, the god of Desire.
In ancient poetry of Alexandrian period, Eros even degenerated into a mischievous child.
In Archaic art he was represented as a beautiful young winged but tended to be made younger and younger until, by the Hellenistic period in the main cult area of Thespiae in Boeotia, he was an infant and he also shared a sanctuary with Aphrodite on the north, and wall of the Acropolis at Athens.
In the ancient Greek religion Eros was depicted as a blindfolded child, carrying a bow while attempting to shot arrows in his victims.
We can only presume that Eros was shooting his arrows blindfolded into random targets and this might be the original source of idiom “Love is blind”.
The Eros God represented love, romance, sexual desire and his urge to unite the gaps between human emotions and those of divinity, while in ancient Roman religion Cupid, the god of love, in all its varieties was mentioned in Latin poetry being the equivalent of Amor, the little blind and careless messenger of the gods who was often seen as beneficial because of the happiness he shared with both mortal and immortal couples, when not misguided by his mother Venus.
Both Eros and Cupid, gods of love in polytheistic religions, were seen as infants with angel wings, delivering love letters, caring a bow and shooting arrows causing to its victims feelings like passion, obsession, and reckless desire in people.
If we look at previous myths about Eros's origin, we can deduce that he was perceived as a magnetic force that attracted two entities almost opposite to each other, thus inspiring their unification. The attraction between electrons and protons, masculine and feminine, and that of the human soul and the divine are all caused by Eros.
Because Eros represents love, one of the fundamental aspects of life, many theories consider him as one of the Protogenoi, the first divinities, from which the whole universe appeared. According to Greek poet Hesiod's writings from 7th Century B.C., Eros, was the fourth primordial being who came into existence after chaos, the void cosmos, Gaia - Earth and Tartarus, the underground world.
This means that Eros was not the child of any god, and was born on his own. Hesiod's theory was partially supported by 4th century philosopher called Parmenides, by agreeing to Eros's primordial origin, but he first considers him Protogenoi.
If we look into Orphic myth, Eros is one of the primary gods, but not quite primordial in nature. Even more in the underground of the Earth, in Tartarus, Eros copulated with Chaos, giving birth to all livings on our planet and brought order and harmony to the universe, creating new life and energy.
Opinions may be different regarding his parentage, but it is unquestionable the source of all creation as he makes people fall in love, and arouses in them, sexual desires even between same sexes, and his association with love never ceases to exist.
In conclusion, whether it's Eros or Cupid, it's important that love exists, and history is beautiful and makes them memorable.
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